Here are some “quick wins” for the fall garden. These seeds are fast germinators, they mature quickly and, some chilly nights will actually enhance their flavor. There’s no need to start any of these indoors.
Just Right Hybrid, Purple Top White Globe, Royal Crown, Royal Globe, Tokyo Cross, White Lady
Turnips can be used either for greens or for roots. A variety developed for root production can be harvested for greens. However, a variety developed for greens may not produce a good root. Turnip seeds germinate within days, and tender greens are ready to pick within a month. Young, smaller turnips can also be harvested in about 30 days and full sized in about 40–50 days. Turnips are tolerant of moderate frost as mature plants in fall.
Imperator 58, Nantes Half Long, Red Core Chantenay
Direct sow seeds no later than 10 weeks before the first frost. Carrots grow best in sandy loam soil. Always plant seeds directly into your garden; never start in pots. The seeds can take up to three weeks to germinate. Thin out seedlings to allow room for the roots to develop. These vegetables may be bitter, tough, misshapen, and undersized if they don’t get enough water. You can harvest carrots any time they reach a usable size.
Early Purple Vienna, Early White Vienna, Grand Duke, Kolibri, Purple Danube, Winner
Kohlrabi” Means “Cabbage Turnip. Kohlrabi is fast-growing and a cousin of cabbage and broccoli. This is a great plant to direct sow in fall up to one month before the first frost. Harvest as needed. It’s winter hardy and will store in-ground until you’re ready to harvest.
Beets (Sep 15)
Detroit Dark Red, Ruby Queen
For a fall harvest, plant beets 10-12 weeks before the first frost. Seeds germinate in about 5-days. Beets can also be started indoors for a jump on the growing season. Beets can be grown all winter in many South Texas areas, however soil temperature must be at least 40F for beet seeds to sprout. Beets can be planted in partial shade and grow best in deep, well drained soils. Beets have deep roots that can reach depths of 36 to 48 inches.
Garlic (cloves) (Oct)
California Early, California White, Elephant Garlic
In Texas, garlic is a perennial plant. Garlic can be planted in the late fall. It is extremely frost hardy, and if planted in October, may have tops showing above the soil and be well rooted by November. By late May or early summer, you should have all the garlic bulbs you’ll need for the rest of the year. Garlic should be direct sown, not started indoors
Onions (seed) (Oct)
Super Sweet, Early Grano
Plant super sweet, short-to-intermediate daylength onion types in Texas zones III (USDA Zones 8 and 9). Seeds can be sown directly into the garden, covered with one-fourth inch of soil
and should sprout within 7- 10 days. Fertilization of onion plants is vital to success. Texas A&M research findings indicate that onion growth and yield can be greatly enhanced by banding phosphorus 2-3 inches below seed at planting time. Make a trench 3 inches deep, distributing one-half cup of super phosphate per 10 row feet, cover the phosphate with soil, sow seed and cover lightly with one-half inch or less of soil. Once established, onion plants should receive additional amounts of fertilizer (21-0-0 – Ammonium sulfate or Ammonium nitrate) as a side- dress application every month.
- https://bexar-tx.tamu.edu/homehort/archives-of-weekly-arti- cles-davids-plant-of-the-week/garlic/
- https://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/vegetable/files/2013/09/ EHT-056.pdf
- https://agrilifeextension.tamu.edu/asset-external/easy-garden- ing-turnip-and-mustard-greens
- https://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/vegetable/files/2013/09/ EHT-050.pdf
- https://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/plantanswers/publications/ vegetabletravelers/kohlrabi.html
Article by: Kim Rainey, Master Gardner